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Description of the measures taken to achieve “social distancing” (curfew, lockdown, mandatory shop closures, duration etc.) and how these measures are accepted by the public)

The Spanish government measures taken in the state of emergency caused by Covid 19 pandemic are numerous and are published daily in the Official State Gazette (BOE) to adapt to the fast pace at which the state of emergency is evolving. The following are the most relevant measures:


  1. Mobility : Spanish government banned people from walking or driving in a private vehicle on public highways, except to carry out specific activities such as purchase of food, essential and pharmaceutical products, go to hospitals or banks, to take care of elderly people or travel to their workplaces  to perform their employment obligations if considered essential. The movements from one place to another must be done alone. Curiously practicing law is considered by current emergency legislation an essential work (in the case of urgent matters) and has been excluded from mobility restrictions
  2. Transport: public transport operations may be halved, including railway and road and air transport. All domestic and international passenger transport has been restricted and prohibited in certain cases, with the reinstatement of border controls.
  3. Shutdown of non-essential activities (mainly industry and construction sectors) Spain's government has halt all "non-essential" activities from Monday March 30 as a means of stopping as many people as possible from leaving their homes and risking infection. All affected employees in Spain will receive paid leave and will be able to make up lost work hours over an extended period of time when the isolation period end but up to the 31 December 2020. 
  4. Shops, restaurants, hotels, parks etc:  All have to remain closed. The government has imposed the shutdown of the commercial activities (except groceries, chemist and supermarkets only for selling food), public shows, leisure and sport activities.