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Description of the measures taken to achieve “social distancing” (curfew, lockdown, mandatory shop closures, duration etc.) and how these measures are accepted by the public.

To achieve social distancing, the Slovak government in cooperation with Slovak Public Health Authority has adopted the following measures:

a)     Prohibition to organize any collective sport, cultural, social or other mass events, until further notice;

b)     Prohibition to appear and move in public for all persons from 25 March 2020 until further notice, without covering their upper respiratory tract routes (such as respirator, veil, shawl, scarf, etc.);

c)     From 30 March 2020 until further notice, closure of all retail stores and establishments providing services, except for listed stores necessary to ensure the basic needs of the population, for example: food, meat, bread and pastry shops, drugstores / pharmacies, postal, banking services, delivery services, IT and telecommunication services, notaries, garden equipment operations if the total internal sales area of ​​the operation does not exceed 2000 m2, etc.

d)     This applies also to department store operators and shopping centres.

e)     Open stores under the letter c) above, must ensure the entry and stay in the store only with the upper respiratory tract routes covered (e.g. facemask, scarf, veil, etc.), apply hand disinfectant or provide disposable gloves for customers when entering the store, ensure a social distance of at least 2 meters, number of customers in operation at one time must not exceed the concentration of one customer per 25 m2 of the shop floor area, etc.

f)      Prohibition of presence of the public in public catering facilities and fast-food stalls from 30 March 2020 until further notice; this does not apply to sales outside the facility (fast-food restaurants with a dispensing window or sale of food without entry into facility);

g)     Closure of stores having an exception under letter c) above on Sundays for a sanitary and disinfection day;

h)     Temporary suspension of provision of social services in social service facilities with an out-patient form of this social service to all providers in listed facilities;

i)      Reservation of shopping time only for seniors over 65 years of age from 9.00 AM to 12.00 AM on Mondays to Saturdays in groceries, meat, bread and pastries, fruit and vegetables and drugstore shops, from 30 March 2020 until further notice.

Moreover, the Slovak Government, the Central Crisis Staff and the Public Health Authority strongly urge seniors to limit their transport by trains and to restrict the movement outside, only if really necessary.

Based on monitoring the situation and reactions of the residents, these measures are welcomed and they understand the severity of the coronavirus-related situation. The movement of the population has dropped significantly and many people respect the obligation to cover their upper respiratory tract routes. On the other hand, there is still a part of population which does not comply with the measures.

The measures, at the same time, negatively affect the employers and businesses that had to close their operations due to the extensive prohibitions issued by the relevant Slovak authorities.